Olive Oil is extracted from the pulp after malaxation using horizontal centrifuges (decanters) which have replaced the cumbersome hydraulic presses of the previous century.
Oil Olives, unlike table olives, are not selected individually at harvest, but instead, individual trees are selected for the degree of ripeness of most of the fruit on them and these trees are picked clean. Trees on which most of the fruit is still green are left for picking at a later date.
The table olive market here in South Africa is just starting to flourish. The solid foundation will support its growth into a successful and valuable industry amongst the new olive producing countries.
Manzanilla means “little apple” and originated in Spain. It is regarded as the premium green table cultivar in the world and although popular in South Africa, it is planted on a much smaller scale than Mission, because it is mainly suited for green processing, for which the market demand is lower.
The olive cultivars grown commercially throughout the world at present all originated as selections of chance seedlings, which were then increased vegetatively, some over many centuries. In the traditional olive growing countries of the world, usually the best seedlings were selected and propagated.